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Urological Surgeries and Procedures: Comprehensive Guide to Treatment Options


Urological surgeries and procedures are essential for diagnosing and treating a wide range of urinary tract and male reproductive system issues. This guide covers common and advanced urological surgeries, explaining what each procedure involves and when it might be necessary.

Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)

Purpose: Treats benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) by removing part of the prostate through the urethra.

Procedure: A resectoscope is inserted through the urethra to trim away excess prostate tissue, improving urine flow.

Recovery: Most patients stay in the hospital for a day or two and may need a catheter temporarily. Recovery involves managing discomfort and gradual return to normal activities.

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Purpose: Examines the inside of the bladder and urethra for abnormalities.

Procedure: A thin, flexible tube with a camera (cystoscope) is inserted through the urethra to visualize the bladder and collect tissue samples if needed.

Recovery: Patients may experience mild discomfort and blood in the urine for a short period. Normal activities can usually resume the next day.

Related Article: What to Expect During Urological Exams and Tests


Purpose: Diagnoses and treats conditions affecting the ureters, such as kidney stones.

Procedure: A thin scope (ureteroscope) is inserted through the urethra and bladder to the ureter. Stones can be removed or broken into smaller pieces using a laser.

Recovery: Mild discomfort and blood in the urine are common for a few days. Patients can typically return to normal activities shortly after.

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Discover how ureteroscopy treats kidney stones here!


Purpose: Removes a kidney to treat kidney cancer, severe kidney damage, or other conditions.

Procedure: Can be performed as an open surgery or laparoscopically. Involves removing the kidney through an incision in the abdomen.

Recovery: Hospital stay of a few days, with full recovery taking a few weeks. Patients need to follow a gradual return to normal activities.

Learn more about nephrectomy here!

Radical Prostatectomy

Purpose: Treats prostate cancer by removing the prostate gland and surrounding tissues.

Procedure: Can be performed as open surgery, laparoscopic, or robot-assisted. Involves removing the prostate through an incision.

Recovery: Hospital stay of a few days, with recovery over several weeks. Patients may experience temporary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Bladder Augmentation

Purpose: Increases bladder capacity by enlarging it with tissue from the intestines, used in cases of severe bladder dysfunction.

Procedure: Involves an open surgery to attach a segment of intestine to the bladder, increasing its size.

Recovery: Hospital stay of up to a week, with a gradual return to normal activities over several weeks. Patients may need to self-catheterize temporarily.

Learn about bladder augmentation here!

Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL)

Purpose: Treats kidney stones by using sound waves to break them into smaller pieces that can be passed naturally.

Procedure: A machine sends shock waves through the body to break up stones without making incisions.

Recovery: Usually an outpatient procedure with a quick recovery. Patients may experience discomfort as stone fragments pass.

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Penile Implants

Purpose: Treats erectile dysfunction when other treatments have failed.

Procedure: Involves surgically placing a device inside the penis that allows for an erection.

Recovery: Outpatient surgery with recovery over a few weeks. Patients can typically resume normal activities after about six weeks.


Purpose: Provides permanent contraception by cutting and sealing the vas deferens.

Procedure: A minor surgical procedure usually done under local anesthesia. The vas deferens are accessed through small incisions or punctures.

Recovery: Minimal downtime with a quick return to normal activities. Patients may experience minor discomfort for a few days.

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Pelvic Floor Reconstruction

Purpose: Repairs pelvic floor dysfunction, such as prolapse or incontinence.

Procedure: Surgical techniques vary but may involve mesh or sutures to support pelvic organs.

Recovery: Hospital stay of a few days, with recovery over several weeks. Patients need to follow specific activity restrictions.

Explore pelvic floor reconstruction options here!

Robotic-Assisted Surgery

Purpose: Offers precision in surgeries like prostatectomy or nephrectomy using robotic systems.

Procedure: Surgeons use robotic arms to perform surgery through small incisions, enhancing accuracy and control.

Recovery: Faster recovery and less pain compared to traditional surgery. Shorter hospital stays and quicker return to normal activities.

Artificial Urinary Sphincter (AUS)

Purpose: Treats severe incontinence by implanting a device to control urine flow.

Procedure: Involves placing a cuff around the urethra and a pump in the scrotum or labia that controls the cuff.

Recovery: Requires a brief hospital stay with gradual recovery. Patients learn to use the device over a few weeks.

Related Article: Post-Surgical Care After Urological Procedures


Urological surgeries and procedures offer solutions for a variety of conditions affecting the urinary tract and male reproductive system. Understanding these options helps you make informed decisions about your health. For more information or to discuss your specific needs, visit our Urology Doctor in Lucknow.